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How to be a successful language learner?

Published:2013-01-19 15:18 Click:wait for……
01-A. How to be a successful language learner? Learning a language is easy, even a child can do it! Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement. For them, learning a language is a very difficult task. Th
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01-A. How to be a successful language learner?

“Learning a language is easy, even a child can do it!”

Most adults who are learning a second language would disagree with this statement. For them, learning a language is a very difficult task. They need hundreds of hours of study and practice, and even this will not guarantee success for every adult language learner.

Language learning is different from other kinds of learning. Some people who are very intelligent and successful in their fields find it difficult to succeed in language learning. Conversely, some people who are successful language learners find it difficult to succeed in other fields.


Language teachers often offer advice to language learners: “Read as much as you can in the new language.”“ Practice speaking the language every day. ”“Live with people who speak the language.”“Don’t translate-try to think in the new language.”“ Learn as a child would learn; play with the language.”

But what does a successful language learner do? Language learning research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways.


First of all, successful language learners are independent learners. They do not depend on the book or the teacher; they discover their own way to learn the language. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the patterns and the rules for themselves. They are good guessers who look for clues and form their own conclusions. When they guess wrong, they guess again. They try to learn from their mistakes.
 

Successful language learning is active learning. Therefore, successful learners do not wait for a chance to use the language; they look for such a chance. They find people who speak the language and they ask these people to correct them when they make a mistake. They will try anything to communicate. They are not afraid to repeat what they hear or to say strange things; they are willing to make mistakes and try again. When communication is difficult, they can accept information that is inexact or incomplete. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word.


Finally, successful language learners are learners with a purpose. They want to learn the language because they are interested in the language and the people who speak it. It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. They find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it.
 

What kind of language learner are you? If you are a successful language learner, you have probably been learning independently, actively, and purposefully. On the other hand, if your language learning has been less than successful, you might do well to try some of the techniques outlined above.
 

如果下面音标不能正确显示,请自行安装字体文件 TOPhonetic.ttf

successful  [s4k'sesful]   a.成功的
adult  ['1d8lt]   n.成年人; a.成年的, 成熟的
disagree  [`dis4'gri:]   vt.(with)1.有分歧,不同意;2.不一致,不符
statement  ['steitm4nt]  n.声明,陈述
guarantee  [`g1r4n'ti:]  n./vt.保证,担保,保修
intelligent  [in'telid94nt]  a.聪明的,明智的
conversely  ['k3nv4:sli]  ad.相反地
similar  ['simil4, 'sim4l4]  a.1.相似的,类似的;2.与...相似(to)
independent  [`indi'pend4nt]  a.独立的,自主的
pattern  ['p1tn]  n.1.型,模式,样式;2.花样,图案
guesser  ['ges4]  n.猜测者
clue  [klu:]  n.线索,提示
conclusion  [k4n'klu:94n]  n.结论,推论
communicate  [k4'mju:nikeit]  vi.通讯,交流,交际;vt.传达,传播
communication  [k4`mju:ni'kei54n]  n.1.通讯,交流;2.传达;3.[pl]通讯联系,交通工具
inexact  [`inig'z1kt]  a.不正确的,不精确的
incomplete  [`ink4m'pli:t]  a.不完整的
purpose  ['p4:p4s]  n.1.目的,意图;2.用途
regularly  ['regjul4li]  ad.整齐地,经常地,定期地
purposefully  ['p4:p4sfuli]  ad.有目的地,蓄意地
technique  [tek'ni:k]  n.1.技术;2.技巧,手艺
outline  ['autlain]  vt.概括,提出要点;n.轮廓;大纲,提纲
disagree with  与...有分歧,不一致
first of all  首先,第一
depend on  依赖,依靠;依...而定
be willing to  愿意,乐意
be interested in  对...感兴趣
on the other hand  另一方面



搭配:
1. disagree with 不同意/动词词组
2. guarantee sth. for sb. 保证某人某事/动词词组
e.g. This will not guarantee success for every adult language learner. 这样不能确保每一位学习语言的成年人都成功。
3. be different from 与什么不同/形容词词组
4. succeed in sth./ doing sth. 成功做某事/动词词组
5. offer advice to sb. 给某人建议/动词词组
6. play with sth. 轻松学习某事物/动词词组
7. in many ways 在很多方面/介词词组
8. depend on sb./sth. for sth. 依靠某人或某事而获得某事/动词词组
9. discover one's own way to do sth. 发现并用自己的方法做某事/动词词组
10. instead of sth./ doing sth. 相反/而没有做某事/介词词组
11. wait for sb. to do sth. 等待某人做某事/动词词组
12. look for sth./sb. 寻找某人或某物/动词词组
13. make a mistake 犯错误/动词词组
14. be afraid to do sth. 害怕做某事/形容词词组
15. be willing to do sth. 愿意做某事/形容词词组
16. do sth. with a purpose 有目的地做某事/故意做某事/动词词组
17. be interested in sth./sb. 对某人或某物很感兴趣/形容词词组
18. communicate with sb. 与某人交流/动词词组
19. learn from sb. 向某人学习
20. might do well to do sth. 最好做某事
句型:
1. S.+V.+it+adj.+to do sth. 形式宾语句型 n.
e.g. Some people find it difficult to succeed in language learning.
Some people find it difficult to succeed in other fields.
They find it easy to practice using the language regularly.
 
2. It is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 形式主语句型
e.g. It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word.
It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn for them.
语言点:
1. success(n.)-successful(adj.)-succeed(v.) 成功
2. hundreds of people与 eight hundred people:请注意有数词存在后,表量名词的变化。
3. advice/information 为不可数名次。不能有复数形式。
4. practice doing sth. 练习做某事
5. less than +adj. 不怎么+形容词的含义 如:less than happy 不怎么开心
阅读技巧:
1. conversely     2. on the other hand
这两个词出现时,下文所讲内容将与上文所提内容截然相反。
 
Unit One

1.
主语+find + it + 形容词+to do sth.
  Some people who are very intelligent and successful in their fields find it difficult to succeed in language learning. line2
  They find it easy to practice using the language regularly because they want to learn with it. (line 38)

2. It is + 形容词+for sb. +to do sth.
  It is + 形容词比较级+to do sth.+ than + to do sth.
  It is necessary for them to learn the language in order to communicate with these people and to learn from them. Line 36
  It is more important for them to learn to think in the language than to know the meaning of every word. (Line 32)

3 ….shows / showed that 从句
  Language learning research shows that successful language learners are similar in many ways. Line 14

4. Language learning is different from other kinds of learning. (Line 6)

5. Instead of waiting for the teacher to explain, they try to find the  patterns and rules for themselves. (Line19-20)

6. On the other hand, if your language learning has been less than successful, you might do well to try some of the technique outlined above.

(Editor:admin)
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