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25-A. American Men Don't Cry

Published:2013-01-22 14:53 Click:wait for……
25-A. American Men Dont Cry American men dont cry because it is considered not characteristic of men to do so. Only women cry. Cry is a weakness characteristic of the female, and no American male wants to be identified with any-thing in the
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25-A. American Men Don't Cry

American men don't cry because it is considered not characteristic of men to do so. Only women cry. Cry is a "weakness" characteristic of the female, and no American male wants to be identified with any-thing in the least weak or feminine. Crying, in our culture, is identified with childishness, with weakness and dependence. No one likes a crybaby, and we disapprove of crying even in children, discouraging it in them as early as possible. In a land so devoted to the pursuit of happiness as ours, crying really is rather un-American. Adults must learn not to cry in situations in which it is permissible for a child to cry. Women being the "weaker" and "dependent” sex, it is only natural that they should cry in certain emotional situations. In women, crying is excusable. But in men, crying is a mark of weakness. So goes the American belief with regard to crying.

"A little man," we impress on our male children, "never cries. Only girls and crybabies do." And so we condition males in America not to cry whenever they feel like doing so. It is not that American males are unable to cry because of some biological time clock within them which causes them to run down in that capacity as they grow older, but that they are trained not to cry. And so the "little man" controls his desire to cry and goes on doing so until he is unable to cry even when he wants to. Thus do we produce a trained incapacity in the American male to cry. And this is bad. Why is it bad? Because crying is a natural function of the human organism which is designed to restore the emotionally disequilibrated person to a state of equilibrium. The return of the disequilibrated organ systems of the body to steady states or dynamic stability is known as homeostasis. Crying serves a homeostatic function for the organism as a whole. Any interference with homeostasis is likely to be damaging to the organism. And there is good reason to believe that the American male抯 trained incapacity to cry is seriously damaging to him.
It is unnecessary to cry whenever one wants to cry, but one should he able to cry when one ought to cry - when one needs to cry. For to cry under certain emotionally disequilibrating conditions is necessary for the maintenance of health.

To be human is to weep. The human species is the only one in the whole of animated nature that sheds tears. The trained inability of any human being to weep is a lessening of his capacity to be human - a defect which usually goes deeper than the mere inability to cry. And this, among other things, is what American parents - with the best intentions in the world - have achieved for the American male. It is very sad. If we feel like it, let us all have a good cry - and clear our minds of those cobwebs of confusion which have for so long prevented us from understanding the natural necessity of crying.
 
 
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weakness['wi:knis]n.1.软弱,薄弱;2.缺点,弱点;3.嗜好,癖好
childishness['t5aildi5nis]n.幼稚
dependence[di'pend4ns]n.1.依靠,依赖;2.信任,信赖;3.从属,隶属
crybaby['kraibeibi]n.爱哭的孩子,爱哭(或爱抱怨)的人
disapprove['dis4'pru:v]vt./vi.不赞成(of)
discourage[dis'k8rid9]vt.1.使泄气,使沮丧;2.阻拦
permissible[p4(:)'mis4bl]a.容许的,准许的
excusable[iks'kju:z4bl]a.可原谅的,可辩解的
unable['8n'eibl]a.不能的,不会的(to + v.)
capacity[k4'p1siti]n.1.容量,容积;2.能力
incapacity[`ink4'p1siti]n.无能力,不能
organism['3:g4niz4m]n.生物体,有机体
restore[ri'st3:]vt.使恢复,(使)回复
disequilibrate['dis`i:kwi'laibreit]vt.打破...的平衡
equilibrium[`i:kwi'libri4m]n.平衡;均势
dynamic[dai'n1mik]a.1.动力的,动态的;2.有生气的,有力的
stability[st4'biliti]n.1.稳定,稳定性;2.坚定,恒心
homeostasis[`h4umi4u'steisis]n.1.[生]体内平衡的;2.(社会)自动平衡的
homeostatic[`h4umi4u'st1tik]a.1.[生]体内平衡的;2.(社会)自动平衡的
interference[`int4'fi4r4ns]n.1.干涉,干预;2.妨碍
damage['d1mid9]n.1.损害,损失;2.[pl.]赔偿金;vt.损伤,毁坏
unnecessary[8n'nesis4ri]a.不必要的,多余的
maintenance['meintin4ns]n.1.维持,保持;2.维修;3.坚持,维护
animated['1nimeitid]a.1.栩栩如生的;2.生气勃勃的;3.被赋予生命的
shed[5ed]vt.1.流出;2.发出,散发
inability[`in4'biliti]n.无能,无能为力
lessen['lesn]vt.1.减少,减轻;2.缩小,贬低;vi.变少
defect[di'fekt]n.缺点,欠缺;vi.逃跑,背叛
intention[in'ten54n]n.意图,打算
cobweb['k3bweb]n.1.蜘蛛网;2.[复]陈腐的东西;(思想)混乱
confusion[k4n'fju:94n]n.1.混乱,慌乱;2.混淆
necessity[ni'sesiti]n.1.需要,必要性;2.必需品
in the least一点,丝毫(不)
disapprove of不同意
with regard to关于...,对于...
feel like想(做某事),愿意
not that...but that...不是因为...而是因为
(in)capacity to(没)有...的能力
as a whole作为一个整体;总的来说
interference with干涉,干扰
(in)ability to(没)有...的能力
among other things除了其它方面,此外
clear...of把...从...中清除

 


Unit 25  Text A   American Men Don't Cry
第一段
1. 第一行:American men don't cry because it is considered not characteristic of(什么的特征) men to do so.
美国男人不哭,因为人们认为哭不是男人的特征。
2. 第二行:Cry is a “weakness” characteristic of the female,and no American make wants to be identified with(被认为,被理解成为) anything in the least(一点、丝毫不)weak or feminine.
没有一个美国男人愿意被人认为有丝毫软弱或女人气。
3. 第四行:Crying(动名次放在系动词前作主语),in our culture,is identified with childishness,with weakness and dependence.
在我们的文化中,哭被看成是幼稚、软弱和依附的表现。
4. 第五行:No one likes a crybaby,and we disapprove of (不赞同)crying even in children,discouraging(劝阻)it in them as early as possible.
没有人喜欢孩子哭。即使孩子们我们也不赞成他们哭,尽量早劝阻他们哭。
5. 第七行:In a land so devoted to(致力于、专心于)the pursuit of(对什么的追求)happiness as ours,crying really is rather un-American.
在我们这样一个一心追求幸福的国家里,苦实在不是美国的风格。
6. 第九行:Adults must learn not to cry in situations in which(本句话为定于从句,在关系代词which前用了介词,此处的原因是由于:which代指situations;介词in放在which前等于in situations,表示在一些情况下) it is permissible for a child to cry.
在一些场合,孩子们可以哭,但成年人必须学会做到不哭。
7. 第十行:Women being the “weaker”and “dependent”sex,it is only natural that they should cry in certain emotional situations.本句话为虚拟语气:it is+形容词+that+主语+(should可以省略)+动词原型
女人是软弱的和依附的性别,他们在某些动情的场合下哭是很自然的。
8. 最后一行:So goes the American belief with regard to(关于、对于)crying.
So goes sth. 这就是…
这既是美国人有关哭的信念。
第二段
1. 第一行:impress on sb. 使某人铭记
2. 第二行:And so we condition males in America not to cry whenever they feel like doing so.
Condition sb. to do sth. 使某人出于某种状态、使习惯于、使适应;调教
Condition sb. not to do sth. 请注意此处的否定式
Feel like doing sth. 喜欢做某事  feel like后面加动词的ing形式
我们也是这样调教美国男人,不管他们什么时候想哭,都能做到不哭。
3.第三行:it is not that…,but that…不是因为这个原因,而是因为那个原因。
they are trained not to cry  请注意:否定词被放在非谓语动词to前
4.P609第二行:And so the “little man” controls his desire to cry and goes on doing so until(直到什么时候才) he is unable to cry even when he wants to.
Go on to do sth.  继续做某事(做不同的事)
Go on doing sth.  继续做某事(做同一件事)
于是这位小男子汉控制自己哭的愿望,并一直这样继续下去,直到后来甚至想哭的时候也不会哭了。
5.P609第九行:be known as  被认为是
6.第十行:serve a function for sth.  起作用;as a whole  作为整体
7.第十行: Any interference with(干涉)homeostasis is likely to(有可能做某事)be damaging to(对谁造成损害)the organism.
对体内平衡的任何干扰都可能损害机体。
9. 最后一行:incapacity to do sth.  没有做某事的能力;capacity to do sth.  有做某事的能力
第四段
1. 第一行:To be human is to weep. 哭是人的天性。
2. 第一行:The human species is the only one in the whole of animated nature that sheds tears.(流泪)
人类是动物界中唯一能流泪的物种。
3. 第二行:inability to do sth.  没有做某事的能力;capacity to do sth.  有做某事的能力
4. 第五行:among other things  除了其他方面;此外
5. 第七行:If we feel like it,let us all have a good cry-and clear our minds of those cobwebs of confusion which have for so long prevented us from understanding the natural necessity of crying.
Clear sth. of sth.  把什么从什么中清除
Prevent sb. from doing sth.  组织某人做某事
假如我们想哭,就让我们痛痛快快地哭一场,把那些长期妨碍我们认知哭泣这一自然需要的那些陈腐混乱观念从我们的头脑中清除出去。
Unit Twenty-five

1. American men don't cry because it is considered not characteristic of men to do so. (para.1)
2. Cry is a "weakness" characteristic of the female, and no American male wants to be identical with anything in the least weak or feminine. (para.1)
3. In a land so devoted to the pursuit of happiness as ours, crying really is rather un-American .(para.1)
4. Adults must learn not to cry in situations in which it is permissible for a child to cry. (para.1)
5. Women being the "weaker" and "dependent" sex, it is only natural that they should cry in certain emotional situations. (para.1)
6. So goes the American belief with regard to crying. (para.1)

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