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01-B. Language

Published:2013-01-26 20:05 Click:wait for……
01-B. Language When we want to tell other people what we think, we can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many other ways. For instance, we sometimes move our heads up and down when we
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01-B. Language

When we want to tell other people what we think, we can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many other ways. For instance, we sometimes move our heads up and down when we want to say "yes” and we move our heads from side to side when we want to say "no." People who can neither hear nor speak (that is, deaf and dumb people) talk to each other with the help of their fingers. People who do not understand each other's language have to do the same. The following story shows how they sometimes do it.

An Englishman who could not speak Italian was once traveling in Italy. One day he entered a restaurant and sat down at a table. When the waiter came, the Englishman opened his mouth, put his fingers in it, took them out again and moved his lips. In this way he meant to say, "Bring me something to eat." The waiter soon brought him a cup of tea. The Englishman shook his head and the waiter understood that he didn't want tea, so he took it away and brought him some coffee. The Englishman, who was very hungry by this time and not at all thirsty, looked very sad. He shook his head each time the waiter brought him something to drink. The waiter brought him wine, then beer, then soda-water, but that wasn’t food, of course. He was just going to leave the restaurant when another traveler came in. When this man saw the waiter, he put his hands on his stomach. That was enough: in a few minutes there was a large plate of macaroni and meat on the table before him.

As you see, the primitive language of signs is not always very clear. The language of words is much more exact.

Words consist of sounds, but there are many sounds which have a meaning and yet are not words. For example, we may say "Sh-sh-sh” when we mean "keep silent.” When babies laugh, we know they are happy, and when they cry, we know they are ill or simply want something.

It is the same with animals. When a dog says “G-r-r” or a cat says "F-f-f” we know they are angry.

But these sounds are not language. Language consists of words which we put together into sentences. But animals can not do this: a dog can say “G-r-r” when he means "I am angry,” but he cannot say first "I” and then "am” and then "angry.” A parrot can talk like a man; it can repeat whole sentences and knows what they mean. We may say that a parrot talks, but cannot say that it really speaks, because it cannot form new sentences out of the words it knows. Only man has the power to do this.

如果下面音标不能正确显示,请自行安装字体文件 TOPhonetic.ttf


instance  ['inst4ns]  n.例,实例
deaf  [def]  a.聋的;听力不佳的
dumb  [d8m]  a.哑的;无言的
englishman  ['i6gli5m4n]  n.英国人
italian  [i't1lj4n]  n.意大利人;意大利语
waiter  ['weit4]  n.侍者,服务员
beer   [bi4]  n.啤酒
soda-water  ['s4ud4'w3:t4]  n.苏打水,汽水
traveler  ['tr1vl4]  n.旅客,旅游者
macaroni  [`m1k4'r4uni]  n.通心粉
primitive  ['primitiv]  a.原始的
exact  [ig'z1kt]  a.精确的,正确的
consist  [k4n'sist]  vi.组成(of)
simply  ['simpli]  ad.1.仅,只;2.完全地;3朴素地
parrot  ['p1r4t]  n.鹦鹉
not only...but also  不但...而且
neither...nor  既不...也不
consist of 由...组成



Unit 1  Text B Language
搭配:
1. with the help of  在什么的帮助下
2. at a table  坐在桌旁(准备就餐)
3. in this way  这样
4. mean to do sth.  本意是想要做某事
5. not at all +adj. 一点也不+相容词的含义
e.g. not at all thirsty  一点也不渴
6. as you see  可见
7. consist of   包括,组成
8. put sth. into sth.  把什么融入什么
句型:
1. not only …but also…不但…而且…
e.g. We can do it not only with the help of words, but also in many other ways.
我们不但可以在语言的帮助下,还可以用其它的方式来告诉别人我们在想什么。
2. neither… nor…既不…也不
e.g. People who can neither hear nor speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers.
既不能听也局能说的人也可以用他们的手指来彼此交流。
3. each time 每一次(连词:用来连接两个句子)
e.g. He shook his head each time the waiter brought him something to drink.
每一次服务员给他拿来喝的东西他都摇头。
语言点:
1. mean-meant; shake-shook; meet-met
2. 半系动词后加名词:look sad; keep silent
3. 说语言要用speak
阅读技巧:
for instance 或for example 后的文字是用来支持阐述上面所述文字的。 (Editor:admin)
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