Clean from the beginning!

Welcome to Learning English

Navigation: Home > Learning >

06-B. The difference between plants and animals

Published:2013-01-26 20:22 Click:wait for……
06-B. The difference between plants and animals if you were asked, what is the difference between plants and animals? what answer do you think you would give? Your first thought might be that a plant h
Font Size: S M L
06-B. The difference between plants and animals

if you were asked, “what is the difference between plants and animals?” what answer do you think you would give? Your first thought might be that a plant has leaves and roots and flowers, which an animal has not. Yet that would not be correct; for there are many plants which have neither roots nor leaves nor flowers, while there are some animals which seem to have all three.
Look up into the sky, and then down at the earth beneath your feet, It is easy enough, you think, to tell which is earth and which is sky; but if you live in the wide, open country, or near the sea, you will often find when you look far away to the place where sky and earth seem to meet, that this is a matter of some difficulty. You see only the thin blue haze, like smoke, which is the dividing line between the heavens and the earth. But just where the one ends and the other begins, you cannot tell.

Just so it is throughout all the world of Nature. You may look at a group of cows standing under the trees or catch a bee at his early drink in a morning-glory bell, and you would laugh if any one should ask you whether you can tell an animal from a plant.

But suppose you turn aside from these familiar, everyday things, and study objects which you have to look at through a magnifying glass, and you will find many things that will puzzle you. You will find plants without roots, leaves, flowers, or seeds; and you will find animals without heads, legs, eyes, mouths, or stomachs.

Students of Nature are not satisfied with guessing, but they observe, day after day, the changes which take place in an object; and they see many things which most people would fail to see. And thus they have found that the real difference between plants and animals lies in what they do, and not in what they seem to be.

We now know that about one fourth of all the kinds of seaweed are animals. A few years age all of them were classed as plants. It was long supposed that the main difference between animals and plants was that the former could move about while the latter could not. But this difference will not hold good.

How then are we to know whether a living object is a plant or an animal? Plants can live on inorganic matter; they have the power of changing earth and air and water into substances which enter into and become a part of themselves. Animals can live only on what plants have already turned from inorganic to vegetable matter. Animals, although they need some inorganic food, cannot live on it alone.

All the food that keeps our bodies strong, or makes them grow, was once in the vegetable form. No bird nor fish nor other animal could ever have lived on this earth, if the plants had not come first and fitted it for the dwelling place of a higher order of beings.

Plants are the true fairies that are forever working wonders around us. Their roots dig down into the earth and gather its treasures. Their leaves spread their broad surfaces to the air and take m its riches; and out of what they have thus gathered they produce the beautiful flowers, the delicious fruits, and the golden grain.

Let us study more closely the way in which a plant grows. The root pushes itself down into the earth. If it finds no water, it soon dies. If it finds water, it begins to suck it up and change it into sap Besides the water, it takes up such parts of the soil as are dissolved in the water.

Here, then, you see in what ways the food of the plant is different from that of animals.

如果下面音标不能正确显示,请自行安装字体文件 TOPhonetic.ttf


beneath[bi'ni:7]prep.在...下面(或底下),低于
haze[heiz]n.薄雾
morning-glory['m3:ni6'gl3:ri]n.牵牛花
aside[4'said]ad.在旁边,到(或向)一边
magnify['m1gnifai]vt.1.放大;2.扩大,夸大
puzzle['p8zl]
vt.(使)迷惑,(使)为难;vi.迷惑,苦思;n.1.测验(智力,技巧等)的问题(或游戏),智力玩具;2.迷,难题
seed[si:d]n.种子
observe[4b'z4:v]vt.1.注意到,察觉到;2.观察;3.说;4.遵守,奉行
seaweed['si:wi:d]n.海草;海藻
former['f3:m4]a.在前的,以前的;n.前者
latter['l1t4]a.1.后者的;2.后一半的,接近终了的;n.后者
inorganic[`in3:'g1nik]a.无机的
dwelling['dweli6]n.住处;住宅
fairy['fA4ri]n.神仙,仙人
broad[br3:d]a.1.宽的,阔的;2.广泛的
delicious[di'li54s]a.1.美味的;2.(味觉或嗅觉)使人愉快的
closely['kl4usli]ad.1.紧密地;2.严密地,密切地
suck[s8k]v.吸,吸收
sap[s1p]n.1.树液;2.元气,精气
dissolve[di'z3lv]vt.1.(使)溶解,(使)融化;2.解散,取消
turn aside from离开
be satisfied with对...感到心满意足
take place发生
lie in在于
hold good (for)(对...)适用
live on靠...生活
take in1.吸收;2.让...进入;3.接纳,接受
suck up吸收,吸出,吸起
take up1.拿起;2.吸收,溶解;3.占去(地方,时间,注意力等)

 
 
Unit 6  Text B The Difference between Plants and Animals
搭配:
1. tell A from B  辨别/动词词组
2. be satisfied with sb/sth./doing sth.  对什么/某人表示满意/动词词组
3. take place  发生(无法阻止的事情)/动词词组
4. lie in  存在于/动词词组
5. live on sth.  靠什么而生存/动词词组
6. work wonders  创造奇迹/动词词组
7. take in the riches  吸取精华/动词词组
8. suck up  吸收,吸取/动词词组
9. be different from  与什么不同
语言点:
1. There are many plants which have neither roots nor leaves nor flowers, while there are some animals which seem to have all three. (neither…nor句型表示两者都不) e.g. People who can neither hear nor speak talk to each other with the help of their fingers. (并列动词);My doctor told me I should neither smoke nor drink.(并列动词);She neither knows nor cares what has happened to her ex-husband. (并列动词)
2. 冠词问题:The blue haze,like smoke,is the dividing line between the heavens and the earth.(世界上独一无二的东西)。
3. You may look at a group of cows standing under the trees or catch a bee at his early drink in a morning-glory bell. Look at 为感官动词,其后可以加动词原形,也可以用动词的ing形式。用动词原形表明看到了全过程,用动词的ing形式表示看到动作正在进行中。
4. magnify(v.放大)-magnifying glass(adj. 放大镜)
5. puzzle(v.使迷惑)-puzzling(adj.某事/某人/给某人造成了迷惑的情感)-puzzled(adj.自身感到很迷惑)
6. stomach的名词复数形式为stomachs
7. They see many things which most people would fail to see.  fail to do sth. 不能做某事
8. 主谓一致问题:分数或百分比后面的谓语动词采用何种形式要看其后紧跟的名词,如所跟名词为可数名词复数,则谓语动词采用复数形式;所跟名词为不可数名词,则谓语动词采用单数形式。是就近原则的一种。E.g. We now know that about one fourth of all the kinds of seaweed are animals.
9. be to do sth. 是将来时的一种,表示命令或计划做某事
10. Animals can live only on what plants have already turned from inorganic to vegetable matter.(以后在名词型从句处做具体讲解)
11. No bird nor fish nor other animal could ever have lived on this earth, if the plants had not come first and fitted it for the dwelling place of a higher order of beings. (对过去进行虚拟:主句用情态动词+have done, 从句用过去完成时 had done 的形式)
12. It takes up such parts of the soil as are dissolved in the water. (as的句型是特殊的定语从句句型,由于前面出现了such才会采用as 来做定语从句的关系代词;take up 的意思是吸收;本句话的意思为:植物还会吸收能够在水中溶解的部分土壤。)
Text B

1. Your first thought might be that a plant has leaves and roots and flowers, which an animal has not.
2. Students of Nature are not satisfied with guessing.
大自然的研究者不满足于猜测。
3. They see many things most people would fail to see. 他们看到了大多数人看不到的许多东西。
4. Besides the water, it takes up such parts of the soil as are dissolved in the water.
  此句是as 引导的定语从句。可以翻译为"植物还吸收土壤中那些溶于水的东西。"
5. Here then , you see in what ways the food of the plant is different form that of animals.

  现在,你就可以明白植物的食物与动物的食物在那些方面有区别 (Editor:admin)
------line----------------------------
AD234
Recommended