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07-B. The Changing American Family

Published:2013-01-26 20:35 Click:wait for……
07-B. The Changing American Family The family is important to people all over the world although the structure of the family is quite different from one country to another. In the United States, as in
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07-B. The Changing American Family

The family is important to people all over the world although the structure of the family is quite different from one country to another. In the United States, as in many countries in the world, the family is changing. A generation or two ago,  the traditional family, in which the father was boss, was customary. Now, the modern family, in which both the father and the mother are equal partners, is more common. Although there are several similarities between the traditional and the modern family, there are also some very important differences.

The traditional family of yesterday and the modern family of today have several similarities. The traditional family was a nuclear family, and the modern family is, too. The role of the father in the traditional family was to provide for his family. Similarly, the father in the modern family is expected to do so, also. The mother in the traditional family took care of the children’s physical and emotional needs just as the modern mother does.

On the other hand, there are some great differences between the traditional family and the modern family. The first important difference is in the man’s role. the traditional husband was the head of the household, because he was the only one who worked outside the home. If the wife worked for pay, then the husband was not considered to be a good provider. In many families today, both husband and wife work for pay. Therefore, they share the role of head of household. In addition, the traditional husband usually made the big decisions about spending money. However, the modern husband shares these decisions with his working wife. Also, the traditional husband did not help his wife with the housework or meal preparation. Dinner was ready when he came home. In contrast, the modern husband helps his working wife at home. He may do some of the household jobs, and it is not unusual for him to cook.

The second difference is in the woman’s role. In the traditional family, the woman may have worked for pay during her first years of marriage. However, after she became pregnant, she would usually give up her job. Her primary role was to take care of her family and home. In contrast, in many families today, the modern woman works outside the home even after she has children . She's doing two jobs instead of one, so she is busier than the traditional mother was. The traditional wife learned to live within her husband's income. On the other hand, the modern wife does not have to because the family has two incomes.

The final difference is in the role of the children. In the traditional family, the children were taken care of by the mother because she did not work outside the home. However, today preschool children may go to a child care center or to a baby-sitter regularly because the mother works. The school-age children of a traditions family were more dependent. their mother was there to help them to get ready for school and to make their breakfast. In contrast, modern children are more independent. They have to get up early in the morning and get ready for school. Their mother is busy getting ready for work, so they may even have to make their own breakfast.

In conclusion, the American family of today is different from the family of fifty years ago. In the modern family, the roles of the father, mother, and children have changed as more and more women work outside the home. The next century may bring more important changes to the American family structure. It should be interesting to see.

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structure['str8kt54]n.1结构,构造;2.建筑物;vt.建造,建立
generation[d9en4'rei54n]n.1.一代(人);2.产生,发生
customary['k8st4m4ri]a.1.习惯上的,惯常的;2.合乎(或基于)习俗的
partner['p2:tn4]n.1.配偶;2.搭档,伙伴,合伙人
similarity[`simi'l1riti]n.相似,类似
role[r4ul]n.1.角色;2.作用
similarly['simil4li]ad.相似地,类似地
physical['fizik4l]a.1.身体的,肉体的;2.物理的,物理学的;3.物质的,有形的
emotional[i'm4u54nl]a.感情的,情绪的
provider[pr4'vaid4]n.1.供应者;提供者;2.养家糊口的人
housework['hausw4:k]n.家务劳动;家事
preparation[`prep4'rei54n]n.准备,预备
pregnant['pregn4nt]a.怀孕的,妊娠的
primary['praim4ri]a.最初的,初级的;首要的,主要的,基本的
preschool['pri:'sku:l]a.学龄前的,入学前的
baby-sitter['beibi'sit4]n.代人临时照看小孩的人
dependent[di'pend4nt]a.依靠的,依赖的(on, upon)
provide for赡养,为...提供必需品
in addition另外,加之
give up交出,让出;放弃,抛弃,辞去
instead of代替;而不是...
be busy doing忙于做(某事)
in conclusion最后,在结束时



Unit 7  Text B The Changing American Family
搭配:
1. be important to sb.  对某人很重要/动词词组
2. provide for  为谁提供什么/动词词组
3. be expected to do sth.  应该做某事/动词词组
4. take care of  照顾/动词词组
5. work for pay  为了赚钱而工作/动词词组
6. be (not) considered to be/do sth.  被认为是什么,做什么/动词词组
7. make decisions about sth./doing sth.  做什么决定/动词词组
8. working wife  工作的妻子/名词词组
9. help sb. with sth.  帮助某人什么/动词词组
10. in contrast  与此相反/副词词组
11. get ready for  为什么做好准备/动词词组
12. be busy with sth./be busy (in) doing sth.  忙于做某事/动词词组
13. in conclusion  最后/副词词组
14. bring changes to sb/sth……  给某人带来了变化/动词词组
语言点:
1. similar(adj.相似的)-similarly(adv.相似地)——similarity(n.相似)
2. may have done sth.  对过去发生的事情进行推断 e.g. She may have been married. 她有可能已经结婚了。
  (Editor:admin)
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