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09-B. How Should You Build Up Your Vocabulary

Published:2013-01-26 20:41 Click:wait for……
09-B. How Should You Build Up Your Vocabulary Through context When students in a college class were asked what should be done when they come across a new word in their reading, 84 percent said, Look it
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09-B. How Should You Build Up Your Vocabulary

Through context
When students in a college class were asked what should be done when they come across a new word in their reading, 84 percent said, “Look it up in the dictionary.” if you do, however, you interrupt the very mental processes needed to make your efforts most productive.

But there’s another reason. Suppose someone asks you what the word "fast" means. You answer, "swift." But does it mean that in such contexts as "fast color," "fast woman," or "fast friend"? And if a horse is fast, is it securely tied or running at top speed? It could be either. It all depends. On the dictionary? No, on context - on how the word is actually used. After all there are twenty different meanings for "fast" in the dictionary. But the dictionary doesn’t tell you which meaning is intended. That's why it makes such good sense to begin with context.

Through Word Parts
Now for the next step. Often new words contain one or more parts, which, if recognized, provide specific help with meaning. Suppose you read that someone "had a preference for reading travel books." The context certainly isn’t too helpful. But do you see a prefix, suffix, or root that you know? Well, there's the familiar prefix pre-, meaning "before. Look back at the context and cry inserting "before." Reading travel books apparently comes "before” other kinds of reading. Yes, a preference is something put "before" something else.

Your second step, then, is to look for familiar word parts. If they do not give you exact meanings, they should at least bring you much closer.

Now you can see why you should consult the dictionary last, not first. You looked carefully at context. You've looked for familiar word parts. Now you play Sherlock Holmes - an exciting role. You guess. What exactly does that strange word mean? Only when you go through the mental exercises to come up with a tentative definition should you open the dictionary to see if you're right.
After all, those first two steps or approaches spark a stronger than usual interest in that dictionary definition. You're now personally involved. Did you find out the word meaning? Your heightened interest will lead to better memory of both word and meaning. It also encourages your development of the habits needed to speed your progress. And when you see in black and white the definition you had expected, what a feeling of success is yours. In that way, the CPD Formula provides you with maximum effectiveness.

Well, there it is, your new formula - Context, Parts, Dictionary. Use it! The exercises which follow will give you specific, step-by-step help in sharpening your awareness of contextual clues, learning the most useful word parts, and using the dictionary with increased accuracy and ease. The results will be like money in the bank.

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vocabulary[v4'k1bjul4ri]n.1.词汇(量);2.词(汇)表
context['k3ntekst]n.上下文,语境
interrupt[`int4'r8pt]vt.打断,打扰;终止,阻碍;vi.打断,打扰
process['pr4uses]n.1.过程,进程;2.工序,加工方法;vt.加工,处理
productive[pr4'd8ktiv]a.1.生产的;2.多产的,富饶的;3.富有成效的
swift[swift]a.快速的,敏捷的
securely[si'kju4li]ad.1.安全地;2.牢固地,稳固地;3.信心十足地,有把握地
intend[in'tend]vt.1.想要,打算(后接to do或doing);2.意指,意思是
specific[spi'sifik]a.1.具体的,明确的;2.特定的,特有的
preference['pref4r4ns]n.(for, to)1.偏爱;2.优先(权)
prefix['pri:fiks]n.前缀
suffix['s8fiks]n.后缀
insert[in's4:t]vt.插入,嵌入
apparently[4'p1r4ntli]ad.1.显然地;2.表面上,似乎
consult[k4n's8lt]vt.1.请教,向...咨询;2.查阅,查看;vi.交换意见,商议
tentative['tent4tiv]a.试探性的;尝试性的
spark[sp2:k]n.火花,火星;vi发火花,发电花;vt.激发,引起
personally['p4:s4n4li]ad.1.亲自,当面;2.就个人而言;3.作为个人,个别地
heighten['haitn]vt.1.加高,提高,增高;2.增加,增大,加强
formula['f3:mjul4]n.公式
maximum['m1ksim4m]n.最大限度,最大量,顶点;a.最高的,最大的
effectiveness[i'fektivnis]n.效果,有效性
sharpen['52:p4n]vt.1.削尖,磨尖;2.使敏锐,使敏捷
awareness[4'wA4nis]n.1.意识,觉悟;2.懂事,明智
contextual[k3n'tekstju4l]a.上下文的;取决于上下文的
accuracy['1kjur4si]n.准确(性),精确(性)
ease[i:z]n.1.容易;2.舒适,安逸;vt./vi.缓和,减轻
build up增长,增强;逐渐积聚,集结
come across偶然遇见,碰上
begin with以...开始,以...为起点
come up with提出
after all毕竟;终究
provide some with给某人提供...



Unit 9  Text B   How Should You Build Up Your Vocabulary
搭配:
1. Come across  偶然遇到,碰到/动词词组
2. Look up  查找/动词词组
3. At top speed  快速的/介词词组
4. Depend on sb./sth.  依赖某人或某事
5. After all  毕竟/副词词组
6. Begin with  开始于什么/动词词组
7. Make sense  有意义/动词词组
8. Have a preference for sth./doing sth.  偏爱,优先选择/动词词组
9. Look for  寻找/动词词组
10. Go through  经历/动词词组
11. Come up with  想到(如:某个想法/主意)/动词词组
12. Spark a interest in sth.  激发做某事的某种兴趣/动词词组
13. Be involved in sth.  参与某事/动词词组
14. Lead to  导致/动词词组
15. Develop a habit  养成习惯/动词词组
16. Provide sb. with sth.  为某人提供某事/动词词组
17. Sharpen sb.'s awareness of sth.  提高某人的什么意识/动词词组
语言点:
1. A.When students in a college class were asked what should be done when they came across a new word in their reading,84 percent said, “Look it up in the dictionary.”
B. Suppose someone asks you what the word “fast” means.
2. Make one's efforts most productive 宾补; 使你的努力变得有成效。
3. Reading travel books apparently comes “before” other kinds of reading. 动名词做主语
4. 语法:Only when you go through the mental exercises to come up with a tentative definition should you open the dictionary to see if you're right. 倒装句型
Only+状语+助动词+主语+动词的适当形式+其他
e. g. Only in that way could we solve the problem.
Only when he left did I feel lonely.
5. Heighten(v.提高、升高)heightened(adj.提高的);increase(v.提高)increased(adj.提高的)
 
  (Editor:admin)
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