Clean from the beginning!

Welcome to Learning English

Navigation: Home > Learning >

05-A. Fallacies about Food

Published:2013-01-19 16:19 Click:wait for……
05-A. Fallacies about Food Many primitive peoples believed that by eating an animal they could get some of the good qualities of that animal for themselves. They thought, for example, that eating deer would make them run as fast as the deer
Font Size: S M L

05-A. Fallacies about Food
 

Many primitive peoples believed that by eating an animal they could get some of the good qualities of that animal for themselves. They thought, for example, that eating deer would make them run as fast as the deer. Some savage tribes believed that eating enemies that had shown bravery in battle would make them brave. Man-eating may have started because people were eager to become as strong and brave as their enemies.
 

Among civilized people it was once thought that ginger root by some magical power could improve the memory. Eggs were thought to make the voice pretty. Tomatoes also were believed to have magical powers. They were called love apples and were supposed to make people who ate them fall in love.
 

Later another wrong idea about tomatoes grew up - the idea that they were poisonous. How surprised the people who thought tomatoes poisonous would be if they could know that millions of pounds of tomatoes were supplied to soldiers overseas during World War II.
 

Even today there are a great many wrong ideas about food. Some of them are very widespread.
 

One such idea is that fish is the best brain food. Fish is good brain food just as it is good muscle food and skin food and bone food. But no one has been able to prove that fish is any better for the brain than many other kinds of food.
 

Another such idea is that you should not drink water with meals. Washing food down with water as a substitute for chewing is not a good idea, but some water with meals has been found to be helpful. It makes the digestive juices flow more freely and helps to digest the food.
 

Many of the ideas which scientists tell us have no foundation have to do with mixtures of foods. A few years ago the belief became general that orange juice and milk should never be drunk at the same meal. The reason given was that the acid in the orange juice would make the milk curdle and become indigestible. As a matter of fact, milk always meets in the stomach a digestive juice which curdles it; the curdling of the milk is the first step in its digestion. A similar wrong idea is that fish and ice cream when eaten at the same meal form a poisonous combination.
 

Still another wrong idea about mixing foods is that proteins and carbohydrates should never be eaten at the same meal. Many people think of bread, for example, as a carbohydrate food. It is chiefly a carbohydrate food, but it also contains proteins. In the same way, milk, probably the best single food, contains both proteins and carbohydrates. It is just as foolish to say that one should never eat meat and potatoes together as it is to say that one should never eat bread or drink milk.
 

如果下面音标不能正确显示,请自行安装字体文件 TOPhonetic.ttf

fallacy  ['f1l4si]  n.1.[C]谬见,错误的信念;2.[U]谬误的推理,谬论
quality  ['kw3liti]  n.1.质量;2.品质,特性     deer  [di4]  n.鹿
savage  ['s1vid9]  a.1.野蛮的,未开化的;2凶猛的,残酷的
tribe  [traib]n.1.种族,部落;2.(植物,动物)族,类
bravery['breiv4ri]n.[U]英勇,勇敢;勇气
man-eating[m1n'i:ti6]n./a.食人;食人的
eager['i:g4]a.热切的,渴望的
civilized['sivilaizd]a.文明的,开化的
ginger['d9ind94]n.生姜,姜
root[ru:t]n.1.根(部);2.根本,根源;v.(使)生根,(使)扎根
magical['m1d9ik4l]a.1.魔术的,似魔术的;2.不可思议的,迷人的
poisonous['p3izn4s]a.有毒的
overseas['4uv4'si:z]ad.在(向)海外,在(向)国外;a.(在)海外的,(在)国外的
widespread['waidspred]a.分布(或散布)广的,普遍的
muscle['m8sl]n.1.肌肉;2.力量,实力     chew[t5u:]vt./vi.咀嚼
helpful['helpful]a.1.给予帮助的,肯帮助的;2.有益的,建设性的
digestive[di'd9estiv]a.消化(食物)的
juice[d9u:s]n.汁,液
digest[di'd9est]vt.消化;n.文摘
foundation[faun'dei54n]n.1.根据;2.基金会;3.基础,地基
mixture['mikst54]n.混合;混合物     belief[bi'li:f]n.1.相信;2.信念,信仰
acid['1sid]n.酸,酸性物质;a.酸的
curdle['k4:dl]vi./vt.(使)结成凝乳;变成凝乳状
indigestible[`indi'd9est4bl]a.难消化的;不能消化的
digestion[di'd9est54n]n.消化;吸收
cream[kri:m]n.奶油,奶油色
combination[`k3mbi'nei54n]n.1.结合,联合;2.化合,化合物
protein['pr4uti:n]n.蛋白质
carbohydrate[`k2:b4u'haidreit]n.碳水化合物;[pl.]淀粉质食物
chiefly['t5i:fli]ad.大半, 主要           contain[k4n'tein]vt.包含,容纳
be eager to热切想做,渴望要做
substitute for...的替代物          have...to do with与...有关
as a matter of fact事实上,其实;事实恰恰相反        think of...as把...看成

  
 

Unit 5  Text A   Fallacies about Food
搭配:
1. be eager to do sth./be eager for sth.  渴望做某事/动词词组
2. be supposed to do sth.  应该,被认为去做某事;it is supposed that  人们认为
3. be supplied to sb.  把某物提供给某人
4. substitute A for B  用A来替换B/动词或名词词组
5. wash sth. down sth.  用什么来涑下什么/动词词组
6. have to do with/have nothing to with/have much to do with与某人或某事有关/无关/很有关
语言点:
1. 阅读技巧:阅读时间如果很紧张的话,我们可以把两个逗号间的内容省略不看。
2. 使役动词:Eating deer would make them run as fast as the deer. Make后用动词原形;同样make也是可以带宾语补足语的动词,e.g. eating enemies that had shown bravery in battle would make them brave.
Think也可以带宾语补足语。E.g. People thought tomatoes poisonous.
3. may have done sth. 表示对过去的推测e.g. He may have cried yesterday. 他昨天有可能哭了。She may have found a job last week. 她有可能上个星期已经找到工作了。
4. civil(国民的)-civilized(文明的)-civilization(文明)
5. it is/was thought that  有人认为
6. eat-ate(过去时)
7. Later another wrong idea about tomatoes grew up. Tomato的复数形式需要在词末加es.
Idea grows up. 出现某种观点。
8. 冠词问题:World War II; the Second World War
9. drink-drunk(过去分词)
Unit Five

1. Some savage tribes believed that eating enemies that had shown bravery in battle would make them brave.
2. Man-eating may have started because people were eager to become as strong and brave as their enemies.
3. Fish is good brain food just as it is good muscle food and skin food and bone food.
4. Washing food down with water as a substitute for chewing is not a good idea.
5. It is just as foolish to say that one should never eat meat and potatoes together as it is to say that one should never eat bread or drink milk.

(Editor:admin)
------line----------------------------
AD234
Recommended