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07-A. Families

Published:2013-01-19 16:26 Click:wait for……
07-A. Families Familythe word has different meanings for different people, and even the dictionary gives us several definitions :a group of people related by blood or marriage, two adults and their children, all those people descended from
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07-A. Families
 

“Family”—the word has different meanings for different people, and even the dictionary gives us several definitions :“a group of people related by blood or marriage,” “two adults and their children,” “all those people descended from a common ancestor,” “a household,” and so on Some people think of a family as a mother, a father, and their children; others include grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. For some of us, family means the group of relatives living far away from home. For others, having a family simply means having children. Some families have long histories, while others know very little about their ancestors. No matter if it is young or old, large or small, traditional or modern, every family has a sense of what a family is. It is that feeling of belonging, of love and security that comes from living together, helping and sharing.
 

There are basically two types of families: nuclear families and extended families. The nuclear family usually consists of two parents (mother and father) and their children. The mother and father form the nucleus, or center, of the nuclear family. The children stay in the nuclear family until they grow up and marry. Then form new nuclear families.
 

The extended family is very large. There are often many nuclear families in one extended family. An extended family includes children parents, grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins. The members of an extended family are related by blood (grandparent, parents, children, brothers, sisters, etc.) or by marriage (husbands, wives, mothers-in-law, etc). They are all related, so the members of an extended family are called relatives.


Traditionally, all the members of an extended family lived in the same area. However, with the change from an agricultural to an industrial society, many nuclear families moved away from the family home in order to find work. In industrial societies today, the members of most nuclear families live together, but most extended families do not live together. Therefore we can say that the nuclear family becomes more important than the extended family as the society industrializes.
 

In post-industrial societies like the United States, even the nuclear family is changing. The nuclear family is becoming smaller as parents want fewer children, and the number of childless families is increasing. Traditionally, the father of a nuclear family earned money for the family while the mother cared for the house and the children. Today more than 50% of the nuclear families in the United States are two-earner families – both the father and the mother earn money for the family – and in a few families the mother earns the money while the father takes care of the house and the children. Many nuclear families are also “splitting up” – more and more parents are getting divorced.
 

  What will be the result of this “splitting” of the nuclear family? Social scientists now talk of two new family forms: the single parent family and the remarried family. Almost 20% of all American families are single parent families, and in 85% of these families the single parent is the mother. Most single parents find it very difficult to take care of a family alone, so they soon marry again and form remarried families. As social scientists study these two new family form, they will be able to tell us more about the future of the nuclear family in the post-industrial age.


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definition[`defi'ni54n]n. 定义,释义
marriage['m1rid9]n.结婚,婚姻
descend[di'send]vi.1.传下,遗传;2.下来,下降
ancestor['1nsist4]n.祖先,祖宗
household['haush4uld]n.家庭,户;a.家庭的,家常的
grandparent['gr1n`pA4r4nt]n.(外)祖父或(外)祖母
relative['rel4tiv]n.亲属,亲戚;a.相对的
traditional[tr4'di54nl]a.传统的
security[si'kju4riti]n.安全
basically['beisik4li]ad.基本上,从根本上说
nuclear['nju:kli4]a.1.核子的,核能的;2.核心的,中心的
extended[iks'tendid]a.1. 展开的,扩大的;2.延伸的,延续的;3.广阔的,广泛的
nucleus['nju:kli4s]n.(原子)核;核心
mother-in-law['m804inl3:]n.岳母;婆母
agricultural[`1gri'k8lt54r4l]a.农业的
industrial[in'd8stri4l]a.工业的,产业的
industrialize[in'd8stri4laiz]vt.(使)工业化
post-industrial['p4ust`in'd8stri4l]a. (经济基础已由重工业转为服务业,高技术等的)后工业化的    earner['4:n4]n.赚钱者;获得收入者
split[split]vi.1.撕裂,裂开;2.分裂,分开;vt.劈开,使分裂;n.分裂,裂口
divorce[di'v3:s]n./vi.离婚;vt.与...离婚,使分裂
social['s4u54l]a.1.社会的;2.交际的,社交的
remarry['ri:'m1ri]vt./vi.(使)再婚
care for1.喜欢,对...中意;2.为...操心,对...担心;3.照顾,照料
split up1.分裂,分开;2.吵架,离婚      talk of谈到,谈起

 
Unit 7  Text A  Families
搭配:
1. descend from  从什么传下来的/动词词组
2. think of…as…  把什么看作是/动词词组
3. far away from  远离/副词词组
4. feeling of belongings  归属感/名词词组
5. with the change  随着变化/介词词组
6. care for  照顾/动词词组
7. split up  裂变,离婚/动词词组
8. talk of  谈及/动词词组
语言点:
1. Having a family simply means having children. (前一个动词的ing形式放在means这个谓语动词前是动名词作主语;后一个动词ing形式放在means 这个谓语动词后是动名词作宾语)
2. No matter+(if, whether, how, what, when, who, where, which等连词)+句子。 表示无论……
3. Every family has a sense of what a family is.
4. industry(n.工业)-industrial(adj.工业的)-industrialize(v.使工业化)
5. increase(增长)这个动词经常用在进行时态中。
6. Most single parents find it very difficult to take care of a family alone, so they soon marry again and form remarried families.(形式宾语句型:主语+谓语+it+n./adj.+to do +其他)
Unit Seven

1. Generally , the children stay in the nuclear family ______ they grow up and marry.

  A. although B. as C. until D. where
  答案是C. until 表示直到
2. Traditionally , all the members of an _______(extend ) family lived in the same area.
  答案是extended extended extended 在这里是形容词,表示展开的,延伸的。3. 汉译英 大多数单亲父母发现独自照顾家庭很困难。  Most single parents find it difficult to take care of family alone.

Text B

1. In addition , the traditional husband usually made the big decisions about spending money.
2. Also, the traditional husband did not help his wife with the housework or meal preparation.

  Help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
3. Their mother is busy getting ready for work, so they may even have to make their own breakfast.

(Editor:admin)
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